How Do We Treat Obesity?

The primary therapeutic goal of obesity management is improvement in adiposity-related complications, not a preset decline in body weight. Lifestyle intervention is a vital component of all weight loss regimens; the choice of whether to implement lifestyle therapy alone or combine it with weight-loss medications or bariatric surgery will depend on the severity of each individual patient’s obesity and related complications.1

3.1 Lifestyle Intervention
3.2 When to Initiate Pharmacotherapy
3.3 Weight Loss Medications
3.4 Bariatric Surgery


  1. Garvey WT, Mechanick JL, Brett EM, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology Comprehensive Clinical Practice Guidelines for Medical Care of Patients With Obesity. Endocr Pract. 2016;22(suppl 3);1-205.