Obesity prevalence has risen steadily for several decades, and the disease, its complications, and comorbidities place a huge burden on patients and society. Obesity is estimated to add $3,559 annually (adjusted to 2012 dollars) to per-patient medical expenditures as compared to patients who do not have obesity; this includes $1,372 each year for inpatient services, $1,057 for outpatient services, and $1,130 for prescription drugs.1
In the complications-centric approach to obesity management, the primary therapeutic endpoint is improvement in adiposity-related complications, not a preset decline in body weight.2
|2.2 Metabolic Complications|
|2.3 Cardiovascular Complications|
|2.4 Organ-Specific, Hormonal, and Biomechanical Complications|
|2.5 Psychological Complications (Coming Soon)|
- Cawley J, Meyerhoefer C. The medical care costs of obesity: an instrumental variables approach. J Health Econ. 2012;31:219-230.
- Garvey WT, Mechanick JL, Brett EM, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology Comprehensive Clinical Practice Guidelines for Medical Care of Patients With Obesity. Endocr Pract. 2016;22(suppl 3);1-205.